6. Myanmar

Participating agencies (representatives)

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation
(Ms. Thi Thi Soe Min, Assistant Director)

Yezin Agricultural University
(Dr. Nyo Mar Htwe, Professor)

Situation/operation details of the country of Myanmar

Presented by: Ms. THI THI SOE MIN
Assistant Director Environmental Conservation Department, The Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Unconditional Target for the Energy Sector

By 2030 the share of new renewable energy technology will remain unchanged as to 2000 MW and coal will decrease by 54 4 from BAU 7940 MW), reducing to 3620 MW Due to social and environment safeguards concerns, the proportion of large hydropower generation will also decrease, but both hydropower and coal will be replaced by Natural Gas/LNG as shown:

Conditional Target for the Energy Sector

The objectives related to the Energy Sector (Electricity) of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) report to be implemented on climate change mitigation at the national level of Myanmar are as follows:

If the price and performance of the new RE technologies are attractive , and if there is more appetite for investments through international support and access to climate finance, by 2030 the share of new renewable energy technology will increase by 53.5% from BAU (2000 MW) to 3070 MW and coal will decrease by 73.3% (5820 MW) from BAU (7940 MW), reducing it to 2120 MW.

Implementation of the Goals and Commitments Related to the Energy Sector

      ·       In the RE (Hydro) sector, there are already 3,225 megawatts of installed power from 28 hydropower plants, so if the targeted projects can be carried out according to the specifications, the 2025 target can be achieved. Mini hydro projects are also being encouraged. Other potential hydropower projects are being planned to meet the 2030 target.

      ·       In the RE (Other) sector, there are (2) Solar plants (70 MW). Plans are underway to implement (2) solar projects (70 MW) and (3) locations (1,310 MW) in 2025. In addition, the Biomass Project (1.8 MW) using rice husk fuel is also being implemented.

      ·       When the NDC targets were formulated, the Unconditional Target was based on mandatory activities using the national budget, and the Conditional Target was expected to be carried out depending on the availability of loans/subsidies from international organizations.

       ·       Therefore, the Department of Rural Development is implementing an annual budget to meet the goals and commitments of the off grid rural lighting sector in the Nationally Determined Contributions NDC report within the specified period. 46.3% of the Unconditional Target has been met.


      ·      There is a need for a detailed policy mechanism for the renewable energy sector to implement potential programmes and projects This mechanism should be developed and planned in conjunction with external stakeholders who can offer experience, advanced technologies, new markets, and investment.

      ·      The MOEE should seek international cooperation with entities such as the Asian Development Bank and the International Renewable Energy to support the increase
in variable renewable energy in Myanmar.

      ·      Myanmar needs to establish a comprehensive integrated energy plan to guide the development of the energy sector, including an energy efficiency labelling
programme for energy service companies and appliances.

      ·      The Ministry of Planning, Finance and Industry should set specific targets for each sector on energy efficiency, and the government should implement the committed
energy policy to achieve these targets.