3. Indonesia

Participating agencies (representatives)

National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN)
(Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nugroho Adi Sasongko, Director)
(Mr. Novy Ariyanto, Staff)
Environmental Agency of West Java
(Ms. Desy Hadianita, Environmental Analyst)

Situation/operation details of the country of Indonesia
Presented by: Nugroho Adi Sasongko, Ph.D , IPU
Research Center for Sustainable Production System and Life Cycle Assessment

Energy Mix 2021-2030: General Plan of Electric Power Development

After 2025 the NRE mix is maintained at more than 23 By the end of 2030 the NRE mix will reach more than 24 The coal mix will decline after 2026 the fuel mix should be kept to a minimum after 2025 and only for a 3T regional supply, and the gas mix will be varied because of load followers and speaker

Efforts to achieve the target of 23% NRE mix starting in 2025 and prevent the increase in The Production Costs :

  1. Prioritizing NRE plants
    that do not increase Production Cost much
  2. More Solar PV system is encouraged because the price tends to fall and utilizes reservoirs
  3. Cofiring PLTU is encouraged by maintaining environmental sustainability
  4. De dieselization program with NRE generators

Projection of Energy Mix (Indonesia)

The strategies undertaken to achieve a 23% NRE mix starting in 2025 are as follows:

  1. Increase the success of PLTP COD (1.4 GW) and PLTA / PLTM (4.2 GW) by accelerating permits, exploration and land acquisition
  2. De dieselization Program spread 588 MW converted into Solar PV System 1,2 GWp and Batteries.
  3. Development 4,7 GW Solar PV System and 0,6 GW Wind Power to achieve NRE mix 23% in 2025.
  4. Implementation Biomass Co Firing at Coal Fired PP in PLN by average 10% Jawa Bali, and 20% Outside Jawa Bali by CF 70% from total capacity equivalen t 2,7 GW (up to 13,7 million ton/year biomass, energy mix 6%.
  5. Base load PP after 2025, 1 GW minimum by NRE
  6. Retirement 1,1 GW Coal fired PP Sub Critical in Muarakarang , Priok , Tambaklorok and Gresik by 2030.

Development Strategy of NRE Power Plants

  1. The development of NRE
    power plants continues to pay attention to the supply demand balance, system
    readiness and economy
  2. PLN will utilize renewable energy sources from water energy, geothermal energy (including small/modular scale), biofuel, wind, sunlight, biomass and waste, etc as well as support RE BID (Renewable Energy Based on Industrial Development) efforts
  3. Development ofcentralized PV to electrify many remote communities far from the grid in underdeveloped areas, frontier islands bordering neighboring countries and other outermost Islands
  4. Convert PLTD (Diesel Engine) to EBT (using batteries This strategy is prioritized for areas that are low flame (below 12 hours/day), generally in Eastern Indonesia
  5. Micro grid development for isolated areas Areas that in the next 2 3 years have not planned to build distribution or small thermal generators, are proposed to use PV mini grid
  6. The use of co firing uses pelleted biomass  (garbage, wood, etc.) in coal power plants.
  7. Utilization of PLTS: ex mining land, reservoirs and PLTS to reduce the use of own power plants.
  8. Using NRE generators as a power supply for the new National Capital City (IKN) plan.